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Narrow Body Aircraft and the 757 – a Popular Long Haul Option?

An American Airlines 757-200 at Los Angeles, a sight that can't last forever - Photo: Mal Muir / AirlineReporter.com

An American Airlines 757-200 at Los Angeles, a sight that can’t last forever – Photo: Mal Muir / AirlineReporter.com

If you fly long-haul in North America you have probably flown on a narrow bodied aircraft. Whether it be transcontinental flights between the coasts or flying transatlantic between the USA and Europe, the North American airlines just love to use these smaller, more efficient aircraft.  For me, the daddy of these aircraft is the Boeing 757, which is no longer in production but still is the stalwart of the narrow bodies.

Flying with Delta, United, US Airways and American Airlines you will more than likely step onto a 757-200 or the super long 757-300 for a flight to Hawaii, New York or even London.  But what happens when this aircraft goes out of service?  What is there to replace it? As the 757s start to be retired from service due to age (US Airways is already doing this), the airlines are going to have to start replacing these aircraft with something… but what?

A Rough Chart showing Etops 60 vs Etops 120 between New York and London

A Rough Chart showing Etops 60 vs Etops 120 between New York and London

You need to look first at what makes these aircraft so popular: the passenger to range ratio.  The 757 has that unique mix of enough passengers on-board with the range to get it over an ocean or across a large continent without a hassle, while still maintaining reasonable fuel burn costs.  The narrow body set up (single aisle) allows the flight to serve routes, and especially cities, which would not be able to handle the wide body (generally double aisle) aircraft such as the Boeing 767, Boeing 777 or Airbus A330.

Historically if you were going to fly long-haul you needed four engines. Even as far back as the Boeing 707 or the Douglas DC 8, these aircraft were designed to fly those long haul routes with engines for backup, should one fail.  Then along came aircraft like the Boeing 757, 767 and Airbus A300.  They only had two engines, but were still able to cover long distances over water with only minor changes.

Although ETOPS (Extended Range Twin Engine Operations) has been around for quite some time it had always been restricted 60 minutes, then it was extended to 120 minutes.  The 120 extension came in to help flights across the Atlantic to London.

 

A United 757-300, the Aircraft that never ends - Photo: Mal Muir / AirlineReporter.com

A United 757-300, the Aircraft that never ends – Photo: Mal Muir / AirlineReporter.com

At a 60 minute rating they would have to fly from New York to London over Iceland to ensure that there was a landing site in range within 60 minutes.  With new engine & navigation technology, came the introduction of 120 rating (though 180 minute etops is now the standard).  It meant you could go direct over the ocean without a worry, as half way across you would still be within 2 hours of Iceland or New York or London.  This revolutionized air travel.

As technology progressed more, the ETOPS ratings extended out, with Boeing currently holding a 330 minute rating for the 777 & 787 aircraft. Airbus is expecting a 350 minute rating for the new A350 XWB.

Today, narrow body aircraft serve plenty of ETOPS routes.  Alaska Airlines operates the Boeing 737-800 & 900 from the west coast to Hawaii and there are quite a few rumors that Southwest might join them with their 737-800′s as well.

The A320 family though does some interesting ETOPS flights as well.  The Airbus A318, also known as the Baby Bus, flies across the Atlantic with British Airways and Air Canada  Air Canada flies an A319; a long way to go on such a small aircraft.  When you have long thin routes (long distance, small amount of passengers) you need to use an appropriate aircraft.

But which aircraft will most likely fill the gap that the 757 will leave?  Boeing has the 737-900ER and variants of the new 737 Max as well. Airbus is offering the A321 and soon the A321neo.

The A320neo family should extend the range of this aircraft by a good 600 miles.  This could be the difference of serving a route or not and combines the capacity of the original A321, with the range of an A319 (the aircraft in the Airbus narrow body family with the longest range).

American Airlines has selected the A321 to replace its aging 757-200s and 767-200s on its transcontinental routes.  Hawaiian Airlines just ordered the A321neo to expand its ETOPS operations. Flights from Honolulu to Los Angeles for instance are in the range of an A321neo and by utilizing this aircraft, they can free up some of their A330s or 767s to serve other, longer routes or routes that need the higher capacity. The A321neo will allow them to expand to possible new markets that do not have the demand for the larger A330 or 767.

Other airlines, like Icelandair, which currently only operates a fleet of Boeing 757s, are planning to expand their operations by introducing 12 737 MAX 8 and 9 aircraft. United Airlines, which currently has over 150 757s has ordered 100 737 MAX aircraft, which many will be used to replace the aging 757s.

Mock up of what Hawaiian Airlines Airbus A321NEO will look like. Aircraft image from Airbus.

Mock up of what Hawaiian Airlines Airbus A321NEO will look like. Aircraft image from Airbus, edited by Brandon Farris.

The new Airbus A321neo and 737 9 MAX will change the narrow body long range family, as it takes over those routes the 757 currently serves.  This will also put more 757s on the market and possibly low cost carriers like Allegiant Air, might be able to add more 757s to their fleet and expand their ETOPs flights.

These aircraft and other new ones like it should replace those venerable 757s flying the sky at the moment.  It will be good for those flying on-board, as new aircraft means a better on-board experience, but for some like me, it will be a sad day to see fewer 757s take flight.  Seeing that ungainly long body of the 757-300, which looks like it shouldn’t exist on such a thin aircraft, is an amazing sight. When you step on-board, the single aisle looks like it will never end.  Hopefully these new aircraft can inspire similar thoughts amongst future generations of AvGeeks.

This story written by…Malcolm Muir, Lead Correspondent. Mal is an Australian Avgeek now living and working in Seattle. With a passion for aircraft photography, traveling and the fun that combining the two can bring. Insights into the aviation world with a bit of a perspective thanks to working in the travel industry.@BigMalX | BigMal’s World | Photos

10 comments to Narrow Body Aircraft and the 757 – a Popular Long Haul Option?

  • David J

    I was in college in eastern Washington taking the A&P and pilots courses when Boeing was flying these to Moses Lake, using their long runways and light traffic for testing. To my eye, it is one of best looking airliners on the ground. Hard to believe I was starting my career about the same time as the 757, and its nearing the end of its life already. I’ve spent many hours as a mechanic working on this aircraft, and quite a few riding in it too – one of the most comfortable narrow-bodies out there. The first time I saw a -300 it reminded me of a DC-8-60. Too bad the 757 wont have the longevity of that classic.

  • Sam

    I’ve seen some speculation that the 787 is intended to fill some of the 757 holes as well.

    The 757 is my favorite narrow-body aircraft not only because of its looks (the -300 especially), but because passengers typically load at the L2 door, behind First Class. So once First Class loads, economy doesn’t come through the First Class cabin. While economy loads, First Class is being served drinks, everybody’s relaxed…it’s an atmosphere exclusive to the 757 in the narrow-body world. Of course, First Class itself is a dying thing.

    I’ll go out of my way to fly 757′s as long as they’re in the air.

  • Kris Ziel

    United fleet acquisition guys say there is no plane to fill the 757s shoes for some Hawaii routes and most/all TATL routes. Other than that, the obvious replacement is 737-900ER/MAX9 (in UA’s case).

  • Excellent observation from Sam which I echo. I flew quite a few translatic flights on Icelandair and CO from EWR to BHX.

  • Manuel Vieira Ribeiro

    I have flown many times between LHR and LIS and LIS-MAD on B757s and have found them very comfortable.

  • Mal Muir

    My first ever flight on a 757 was a 200 series from NYC to LAX with United. I was thrilled at the time, now they hardly seem to pop up my trip at all. I have a 6 segment run with DL over the weekend and not a single segment.

    I know that down in Australia any 757 that came through town was a rarity. They were flying pax for Air Nuigini at one stage but that was a wet lease from Icelandair. Other than that it was either a Freighter, a Charter or one of the RNZAF 757s. They were always a thrill to see.

    What I am sure is common to some, is a rarity to others.

  • Raphael

    Great article! Just a correction, Air Canada flies A319 across the atlantic, not A318

  • Thanks Raphael, I have made the correction.

  • Awesome article! I think you’ve called it right. The narrow body race for superiority will be between the A320Neo and 737MAX. The 787 while not being a narrow body, could be used on some 757 routes too, though the 787-8 is just a little light (depending on airline seating configuration) on the passenger capacity, so if we’re going to see much 787 activity in what were 757 routes, we may have to wait until the 787-9 starts rolling out

  • John Hendricks

    The 757 on the Denver west route to hawaii is a nightmare. Even in economy plus on united from Lihue to LAX it was so unconfortable due to how narrow the seats are every bodies shoulders where touching.here is an idea 737-800 plenty of room.

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